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Indicators of Human Trafficking

The first step in preventing human trafficking is to recognize the problem. Law enforcement can identify victims and provide them with the care and resources they require by learning the indications and reporting tips. The indications described below may assist you in recognizing human trafficking, but they are not proof of human trafficking.


  • Show signs of physical or sexual abuse, physical restraints, confinement, or torture?

  • Appear to be deprived of food, water, sleep, medical care, or other necessities?

  • Lack personal possessions?


  • Work excessively long and/or unusual hours?

  • Show sudden or drastic changes in behavior?

  • Act fearful, anxious, depressed, submissive, tense, or nervous/ paranoid?

  • Defer to another person to speak for him or her?

  • Appear to be coached on what to say?

  • Appeared disconnected from family, friends, community organizations, or place of worship?

  • Not able to freely leave where they live?

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